Citizenship and identity documents

Dutch citizenship

If you have been living in the Netherlands for several years, you might be eligible to apply for Dutch citizenship. You can read more on the website of Gemeente Groningen about how to apply for Dutch citizenship in Groningen.

Passport or identity card

If you are a Dutch citizen, you can get a Dutch passport or identity card.

Passport

A Dutch passport is an identity document that you can use to travel to any country in the world. For some countries you might need a visa in addition to your passport. More information about how to apply for a passport in Groningen and how to renew your Dutch passport on the website of Gemeente Groningen.

Identity card

A Dutch identity card is an identity document. The identity card is smaller and cheaper than a passport, but it gives you limited travel options. The identity card can only be used to travel to EU member states. Find more information on applying for a Dutch identity card in Groningen on the website of Gemeente Groningen.

Refugee passport

If you have a refugee status, you can apply for a refugee passport. You can use this passport to travel to all countries except your home country. The passport can be used in the Netherlands as proof of identity.

Certificate of identity

If you have a Dutch residence permit and you are unable to obtain a passport from your country of origin, you might be able to apply for a certificate of identity, also known as an alien’s passport ("vreemdelingenpaspoort"). You can use this passport to travel to all countries except your home country. The passport can be used in the Netherlands as proof of identity.

Compulsory identification

Some people may ask to see proof of identity, such as police officers or employers. It is important that you are always able to show a valid identity document when necessary. Otherwise you can get a fine. Read more information about who can ask to see proof of identity and valid identity documents on the website of the Dutch government.

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